The Green Biotechnologies are interested in the plant world. In the case of biotechnology, the term “green” does not necessarily refer to an environmentally conscious biotechnology.
Green biotechnologies and their applications
Green biotechnologies apply to agriculture and food, but they also invest in other fields. Through green biotechnology, researchers hope to meet the challenges of agriculture and simultaneously provide food production, energy production and biomaterials while preserving the environment.
Plant biotechnology and genetic engineering
Green biotechnology relies mainly on knowledge related to the functioning of the genome and plants. Genetic engineering techniques now make it possible to transfer certain genes from one plant species to another. Objective: to improve targeted plant resistance to insects, viruses or herbicides.
An example: GMOs
Genetically modified organisms, the famous GMOs, are therefore products of green biotechnology. If they have certain advantages (simplified farming practices, less application of insecticides, etc.), voices – farmer groups, NGOs such as Greenpeace, etc. – have been rising for several decades already to warn against the potential negative effects of the method (non-sealing of the sectors, no free reseeding for the farmer, etc.).